children - What are street children?
of a street child
Street children statistics in Mexico
has defined three types of street children: Street-Living, Street-Working,
Living Children: children who ran away from their families
and live alone on the streets.
Working Children: children who spend most of their time
on the streets, fending for themselves, but returning home on
a regular basis.
from Street Families: children who live on the streets with
of street children.
children" is a term often used to describe both market
children (who work in the streets and markets of cities selling
or begging, and live with their families) and homeless
street children (who work, live and sleep in the streets, often
lacking any contact with their families). At highest risk is the latter
group. Murder, consistent abuse and inhumane treatment are the "norm"
for these children, whose ages range from six to 18. They often resort
to petty theft and prostitution for survival. They are extremely vulnerable
to sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS. An estimated 90%
of them are addicted to inhalants such as shoe glue and paint thinner,
which cause kidney failure, irreversible brain damage and, in some cases,
death. ( Casa Alianza)
of street children
has its roots in the issues of poverty and income distribution in Mexico
and Latin America. There has been migration of campesinos from
the countryside to the cities since the major industrialization of Mexico
began in the 1940s. The rural situation has become worse since Mexico
joined the NAFTA Free Trade Agreement in 1995.
street children facts & statistics
City has 1,900,000 underprivileged and street children. 240,000
of these are abandoned children. (Action International Ministries)
- In the central
area of Mexico City there are 11,172 street children. 1,020 live
in the street and 10,152 work there. (City of Mexico/Fideicomiso, Report,
- In 1996,
the Inter-American Development Bank and UNICEF estimated there
were 40 million children living or working on the streets of Latin America--out
of an estimated total population of 500 million.
- Some 20% of the children survive by begging, 24% by selling goods,
and others by doing subcontracting work. ("Over 5 Million Child
Laborers in Mexico", Xinhua: Comtex, 14 September 2000, citing
National System for the Integral Development of the Family (DIF), "Prevention,
Attention, Discouragement and Eradication of Childhood Labor")
- 8-11 million
children under the age of 15 years are working in Mexico. (US Dept of
Labor, Sweat and Toil of Children, 1994, citing US Dept of State, Human
Rights Report, 1993)
list of organizations working with street children
Mexico Child link trust works with abandoned and orphan children with
learning disability. Many of them are ex street children who have
been rescued from children's jails, reform schools and other institutions
in the Puebla area.
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